This exhibition displays a sampling of the important 7th century BCE finds from the rescue excavations of Tel Beit Shemesh carried out under the auspices of the Hebrew Union College. These discoveries sparked nationwide debate over the competing importance of preserving cultural heritage and the increased need for urban development. In the face of this controversy, the National Roads Company of Israel (Netivei Israel) and the Israel Antiquities Authority worked together to reexamine their plans.